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The Best Memorabilia In Iran                                                            Enjoy your Journey With Us

 




 

Persepolis

It was one of the first Iranian sites to be registered in UNESCO World Heritage List. The Persepolis compound, known to Iranians as Takht-e Jamshid, is a very remarkable example of ancient monuments of Iran.

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Persepolis (Persian: Takht-e Jamshīd) is perhaps the best-known archaeological monument of Persia (Iran). Here in the twinkling of an eye we can leave the modern world behind and find ourselves in about 500 BC at the capital of the greatest empire the world had known to that time: the Persian Empire.

 ‘Persepolis’ is the Greek name given to the capital of the Achaemenid dynasty. It means the City of the Persians. Ancient Persians, however, would refer to it as the city of Pārse.Today Persepolis is located a few minutes driving from the city of Marvdasht in Fārs province, 56 km northeast of Shīraz.The geographical site of the Persepolis is also interesting. It is built on the foothills of Rahmat Mountains near the Sīvand River. This place has been regarded as a sacred site from prehistoric times.

The construction of the Persepolis began between 518 and 516 BC upon the order of Darius The Great who transferred the capital of the empire from Pasargadae to this newly established place. The construction continued Darius; successor Xerxes I and Artaxerxes I in the 5th century BC.



Bisotun

This tourist attraction and historic site is the largest inscription of the world consisting of 1119 lines of cuneiform in three languages.
The rock relieves depict Darius the Great after an initial endeavor to arrest the rebels who had introduced themselves falsely as sons of Cyrus the Great.

 

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Bisotun is located along the ancient trade route linking the Iranian high plateau with Mesopotamia and features remains from the prehistoric times to the Median, Achaemenid, Sassanian, and Ilkhanid periods. The principal monument of this archaeological site is the bas-relief and cuneiform inscription ordered by Darius I, The Great, when he rose to the throne of the Persian Empire, 521 BC. The bas-relief portrays Darius holding a bow, as a sign of sovereignty, and treading on the chest of a figure who lies on his back before him. According to legend, the figure represents Gaumata, the Median Magus and pretender to the throne whose assassination led to Darius’s rise to power. Below and around the bas-reliefs, there are ca. 1,200 lines of inscriptions telling the story of the battles Darius waged in 521-520 BC against the governors who attempted to take apart the Empire founded by Cyrus. The inscription is written in three languages. The oldest is an Elamite text referring to legends describing the king and the rebellions. This is followed by a Babylonian version of similar legends. The last phase of the inscription is particularly important, as it is here that Darius introduced for the first time the Old Persian version of his res gestae (things done). This is the only known monumental text of the Achaemenids to document the re-establishment of the Empire by Darius I. It also bears witness to the interchange of influences in the development of monumental art and writing in the region of the Persian Empire. There are also remains from the Median period (8th to 7th centuries B.C.) as well as from the Achaemenid (6th to 4th centuries B.C.) and post-Achaemenid periods.



Bam

This tourist attraction and historic site is an ancient walled city originally built under Achaemenians.
Kariz, an ancient Iranian underground water supplement system, known as qanat, made life possible in this oasis.

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Bam is situated in a desert environment on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The origins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). Its heyday was from the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments. The existence of life in the oasis was based on the underground irrigation canals, the qanats, of which Bam has preserved some of the earliest evidence in Iran. Arg-e Bam is the most representative example of a fortified medieval town built in vernacular technique using mud layers (Chineh).


"Kandowan" Village

It lies 62 km. and is located in the south of "Oskoo". It is close to a river which is called "Kandowan". Structure of the houses is rocky architect and dates back to 7th century A.H.

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Also some archaeologists believe that it dates back to pre-Islamic era. These houses resemble caves, being "dug out" in the mountains and therefore are reputed worldwide. Mineral water in this area is also used for treatment of disease. Mineral water, unique houses, green valleys, pleasure weather, dairy products and mountainous honey are factors which absorb many tourists every year.



Atashgah Waterfall

This waterfall is located in the southern part of the province, 40 km. southeast of Lordegan City

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This waterfall is located in the southern part of the province, 40 km. southeast of Lordegan City, in a village called Atashgah. This village is in fact a narrow valley brimming with natural and fresh beauty. The valley besides its picture beauty has a turbulent stream running through it.



Sarv-e Abar kooh

Located 140km south of Yazd, the main road of Yazd-Shiraz passes through Abar Kooh. It is hot and dry in the summer and cold and dry in the winter

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Located 140km south of Yazd, the main road of Yazd-Shiraz passes through Abar Kooh. It is hot and dry in the summer and cold and dry in the winter. Dating back to several hundred years ago, this town was on the main road which linked China to Europe. The Jame' mosque and a 4500 year old cypress tree are among the sights of this town.



Historical City of Masouleh

On the foothills of Talesh Mountains in the Caspian coastal belt of northern Iran lies the historical city of Māsūleh. It is situated approximately 60 km southwest of the city of Rasht and 32 km west of Fūman in Gīlān province.

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The historical city of Māsūleh was established around 1006 AD, 6 km to the northwest of its current place. People moved from Old Māsūleh to the current site because of pestilence and neighbor attacks.

Masūleh River is the river passing through Māsūleh with a water fall 200m away from the city. So many other springs are found around Māsūleh. The city is also surrounded by forest from valley to mount. Fog is the  predominate weather feature.

The most exquisite feature of Māsūleh is its architecture: The buildings have been built into the mountain and are interconnected. Courtyards and roofs both serve as pedestrian areas similar to streets. Māsūleh does not allow any motor vehicles to enter, due to its unique layout. It is the only village in Iran with such a prohibition. However, the small streets and many stairs simply also wouldn't make it possible for vehicles to enter. Yellow clay coats the exterior of most buildings in Māsūleh.

Masūleh women adorn the windows with flowerpots and this gives a unique beauty to the village.



Pasargadae

Pasargadae is the capital city and the burial place of Cyrus the Great, the king who founded the Achaemenid Persian Empire, centered on Persia and comprising the Near East from the Aegean Sea eastward to the Indus River. He is also remembered in the Cyrus legend—first recorded by Xenophon, Greek soldier and author, in his Cyropaedia—as a tolerant and ideal monarch.

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It is a testimony to the capability of the founder of the Achaemenid empire that it continued to expand after his death and lasted for more than two centuries. But Cyrus was not only a great conqueror and administrator; he held a place in the minds of the Persian people similar to that of Romulus and Remus in Rome. His saga follows in many details the stories of hero and conquerors from elsewhere in the ancient world. The sentiments of esteem or even awe in which Persians held him were transmitted to the Greeks, and it was no accident that Xenophon chose Cyrus to be the model of a ruler for the lessons he wished to impart to his fellow Greeks.

The figure of Cyrus has survived throughout history as more than a great man who founded an empire. He became the epitome of the great qualities expected of a ruler in antiquity, and he assumed heroic features as a conqueror who was tolerant and magnanimous as well as brave and daring. His personality as seen by the Greeks influenced them and Alexander the Great, and, as the tradition was transmitted by the Romans, may be considered to influence the Western culture even now.



Ferdowsi tomb, Tūs

The tomb of the great poet Abolqassem Ferdowsi, can be accounted for a place of ‘worship’ so to be called by the lovers of Farsi Literature. This renowned historical site has brought fame for the city of Toos.

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 The construction of this tomb began in the year 1928 and work came to an end in 1934. In the year 1964 a few changes were made in the structure. The internal walls of the tomb are adorned with sculptures depicting scenes from the ‘Shahnameh’. Each side wall of the building is approximately 30 m. x 30 m. and each of the four sides have stairways lead up to it. The lenght of each side of the main buildings foundation is about 16 m., worked with marble it is adorned by verses from the Shahnameh in the Nasta'liq script. Above the southern stone, a symbol of the Ahuramazda embossment, a replica from Achaemenian buildings is in sight. At the vicinity of the tomb of this great Iranian poet, is the resting place of a contemporary poet Mehdi Akhvan Saless.



Menar jonban(Isfahan)

The historic mausoleum called Menar-e Junban (The Shaking Minaret) from the Mongol period and 6 km to the west of Esfahan,

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consists of the tombstone of Amu Abdollah Karladani (bearing the date 1316 AD) and two shaking minarets each soaring high on either side of the mausoleum ivan, as the main attraction of the place. If you climb up the very narrow stairway to the top of one of these minarets and lean hard against the wall it will start to sway back and forth, and so will its twin, and the whole ivan decorated with polygonal azure tiles. Although by no means unique in this respect, the Shaking Minarets of Esfahan are probably the most famous of their kind.


Khajoo Bridge

The above mentioned took its foundation in the late Teimooride period, and was constructed according to what it is currently in 1060 AH, under the orders of Shah Abbas II. Its cubicles, adornments and tile work are interesting aspects of this constructions. There is a structure in the center of the bridge, known as the Beglarbegi construction. The same was used as a temporary residence for the royal family.

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The name of this bridge is a distorted version of the word 'Khajeh' which was a title for great personalities in the Safavid era. It was constructed on the Zayandeh Rood River. Built by Shah Abbas I from about 1650. It doubles as a dam, and has always been as much a meeting place as a functioning bearer of traffic.It has two levels of terraces overlooking the river, the lower contain locks regulating the flow of the river.



Naghsh-e-Jahan Square

Still sometimes known as Naghsh-e-Jahan Square, this huge, open square is one of the largest in the world (500m by 160m), and a majestic example of town planning Built in 1612, many of the most interesting sights in Isfahan are clustered around the square, and it's a place you just keep coming back to again and again.

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The original goal posts from Shah Abbas polo ground are still in place at the far ends of the square. One charming but certainly touristy thing to do is to take a ride on a horse and buggy around the square.



Armenian Museum (Vānk)

The architectural style of this two story building is a combination of Eastern and Western forms.

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The architectural style of this two story building is a combination of Eastern and Western forms. Building, itself, bears a truly Persian character and its interior, ornamented with numerous murals (depicting the life of Jesus Christ) and plasters molding, illustrates the influence of Italian Renaissance.

This edifice is a dependency of Armenian Cathedral of Isfahan, which houses a variety of items worth viewing, including "The Order of Safavid Kings", granting Armenians religious freedom, and a manuscript dating from the 10th. century A.D.



Oramanat Takht Village-Kurdistan

"Ouraman" that its pronunciation is "Houraman" in Kurdish language, is a village located 65 km. from the eastern south of "Marivan" city.

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It is located in a valley on steep slope overlooking the northern front of Takht Mountains. The houses are arranged such that the roof of one house is the courtyard of the other. This beautiful village has a moderate and mountainous climate and unique nature. Stair-formed architecture of village is the most interesting attraction for tourism.



Veresk Bridge-Mazandaran

This bridge was constructed during the reign of Reza Shah, on the Veresk River in the vicinity of Savad Kooh.

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During world war II, it was reputedly known as the Pol-e-Piroozi, or the bridge of victory. The bridge is at an elevation of 110 m. and its arch measures 66 m. in length. The same is one of the master pieces of engineering to do with the railway track in northern Iran.



Shooshtar waterfalls and historic water mills –Shooshtar- Khuzestan

This site is considered to be an attractive historic site in Iran and also in the world.

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These water falls were constructed in 1233 A.H. in order to protect the Mizan Dam. “Gargar” Dam also constructed on the course of this river and some holes were created on the top of this dam in order to conduct the water to flow through the holes, thus creating the present waterfalls. The water mills of this complex are related to Sassanid era.



Arak Bazaar-Markazi

Part of this bazaar dates back to 1228 AH. The structure is outstanding from the architectural point of view.

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 All its main sections are constructed in the form of straight rows, branching off at right angles to these rows. The latter being generally the carpet sellers sector. This bazaar was constructed of brick and sun-dried bricks, besides which the historical Sepahdari school of Arak is located her.



Falak-ol- Aflak Fortress- Lorestan

Located in an ancient hill in the center of Khorram Abad city ,it is an old fortress related to Sassanid era.

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 But some resources indicate that its construction refers to shoja-ol-di9n Khorshid –king of " Atabakan –e-Lor" era, in 4th century A.H. This fortress is called "Shapur Khast" in historic written. From the view point of military and geography, this fortress had a special location.



Yazd Air-ducts

One of the distinctive features of the cities of Yazd province which discriminate it from other cities, is the existence of various wind trappers.

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Most of them belong to old residential houses. On the other hand majority of urban reservoirs and mosques also have wind trapper.  In other words the same are considered as respiratory tracts of the city. They are towers that, in respect to the special form of building, direct the natural air current to different sections of the building. Regardless of its utility, these constructions used to represent the owner's distinction and social standing. It could be judged by the height and adornments of these wind trappers.



Alighapou Palace

This palace was also called 'Daulat Khaneh-e-Mobarakeh Nagsh-e-Jahan' and the 'Daulat Khaneh Palace'. Its unique archaic architecture is related to the Safavid era.

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This edifice was constructed under the orders of Shah Abbas I. The monarch would receive special envoys in this palace and hold his audience here. Valuable miniature paintings, the works of the reputed artist of the times Reza Abbassi, and other traditional works of art can be noted here. Plasterwork of the 'sound room' was modeled such that the acoustic affect produced natural and pleasant sounds. The sovereign and his guests would be spectators to polo, illuminations, fire-works and the dramatics that took place in the Nagsh-e-Jahan Square from the halls of this elegant palace.



Chehel Sotun Palace

The Chehel Sotune Palace and its garden cover an area of approximately 67,000 sq. m.

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This palace was constructed during the reign of Shah Abbas I. Shah Abbas II was also responsible for additions to this palace, such as the hall of mirrors, the hall of 18 pillars and two large chambers facing the north and south. The spectacular hall of mirrors with its decorative mirror work, tile work and paintings, along with its majestic porches and pool which faces this hall, all add to its splendor.

Interesting aspects of the Chehel Sotune Palace are:

The stone lions at the four corners of the central pool, the hall and marble and vaulted cornices around it.

The gilded adornments, paintings and the portrait of the sovereign in the royal hall. Along with that of the chambers surrounding the hall of mirrors.

The portrait of Shah Abbas I with the special crown and the miniatures of the treasury room.

Several facades such as the 'Qotbiyeh Mosque', 'Zaviyeh in Kushk', and the imprints of the 'Dar-e-Joubareh' and 'Aqasi Mosque' are affixed in the western and southern walls of the garden. The hall and porches of this palace were constructed during the fifth year of the reign of Shah Abbas II. The reflection of the twenty pillars of the hall in the pool opposite the palace brings about a conception of forty pillars. Hence the name Chehel Sotune.

 
 





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